RBT – May

The Outline & Introduction below can be downloaded as a PDF here. Click Here.

Outline of the Book of Exodus

Ch. 1Pharaoh oppresses the Israelites
Ch.2-4Birth, preparation and calling of Moses
Ch.5-11Moses meetings with Pharaoh and ten plagues
Ch.12-15The exodus from Egypt
Ch.16-18The journey to Sinai
Ch.19-23The giving of the Ten Commandments and Law
Ch.24-31Instructions concerning the Tabernacle
Ch. 32-34 Israelites sin(Golden Calf), God’s judgement, Moses’ intercession, renewal of covenant  
Ch.35-40The construction and dedication of the Tabernacle

Introduction to the Book of Exodus

This is the second of the books of Moses. It tells the history of the Israelites from the death of Joseph to the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Jacob’s family had been settled in Goshen in Egypt by Joseph during the great famine (Genesis 47). Here they prospered, were fruitful and their numbers increased greatly. As they multiplied they “grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them.” God was beginning the process of forming Abraham’s descendants into the Israelite nation.

A new Pharaoh, who knew nothing of Joseph, saw the Israelites as a potential enemy within his land. Oppression and persecution reduced them to slavery. At the time when Pharaoh had decreed that all the male Israelite babies were to be drowned in the River Nile, God raised up Moses to deliver his people from bondage. Rescued as a baby from waters of the Nile by an Egyptian princess, Moses was brought up in the royal palace. However the adult Moses identified with his own people. When he came to the aid of an Israelite being mistreated by an Egyptian, he ended up killing the Egyptian and was forced to flee from Egypt. He was to spend the next forty years working as a shepherd in the wilderness near Mount Sinai. It was from here that God called and equipped Moses to be a saviour for His people and to deliver them from captivity in Egypt.

Following Moses’ calling Exodus tells of the many meetings he and his brother Aaron had with Pharaoh and of the ten plagues God brought on Egypt because of Pharaoh’s continued refusal to obey Him. After the tenth plague, the death of the first born, Pharaoh let them go and even asked for Moses blessing, but he soon changed his mind and pursued them with many chariots of war. The Lord worked a mighty miracle, parting the waters of the Sea to allow the Israelites to escape but drowning the Egyptians who tried to follow them. As the Israelites marched through the desert to Mount Sinai God miraculously provided food and drink for all of this huge company. At the holy mountain the Lord gave Moses the moral law and the Ten Commandments on two stone tablets. He also gave other laws for governing the people, instructions for making the Tabernacle, and concerning worship. Following their worship of the golden calf, the people came under God’s righteous judgement. However, after Moses’ intercession, the Lord showed mercy and renewed His covenant with them.

The book ends with a description of the construction of the Tabernacle and concludes describing how “the cloud covered the tent of meeting and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle”. The Lord would accompany, guide and protect them during all their journeying through the wilderness. As Christian believers we can see many spiritual applications, many types and foreshadowing’s of Christ in the Book of Exodus. Indeed we have been rescued from sin and the devil’s kingdom and we are travelling through the wilderness of this sinful world to the promised land of heaven. Reading Exodus we will often be drawn to thinking of our Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Reading Plan

Sun 1stCh. 1A new Pharaoh oppresses the people of Israel
Mon 2ndCh. 2God provides a deliverer. The birth and early life of Moses
Tues 3rdCh. 3God calls Moses and sends him to rescue the Israelites
Wed 4thCh. 4:1-26God equips Moses for the task He has given him
Thurs 5thCh. 4:27-5:22 Moses returns to Egypt
Fri 6th Ch. 6:1-27God promises deliverance
Sat 7thCh. 6:28-7:25 Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh, 1st  plague (Blood)
Sun 8th Ch. 8 2nd (Frogs), 3rd (Gnats) and 4th (Flies) plagues
Mon 9thCh. 9 5th (death of livestock),  6th (Boils) and 7th (Hail) plagues
Tues 10thCh. 10:1-20 8th plague (Locusts)
Wed 11th Ch. 10:21-11:10 9th plague (Darkness) and God promises one final plague.
Thurs  12thCh. 12:1-28The Passover                                                                                                                                      
Fri 13thCh. 12:29-42 10th plague (Death of the first born.) The Lord bringing His people out of Egypt
Sat 14th Ch. 12:43-13:16Celebration of the Passover, consecration of the first born and the feast of unleavened bread
Sun  15th Ch. 13:17-14:31God leads the people out of Egypt and through the Red Sea
Mon 16th Ch. 15:1-21The song of Moses
Tues 17th Ch. 15:22-16:36 The Lord provides for the people in the wilderness
Wed  18th Ch. 17The people test the Lord. The Amalekites are defeated
Thurs  19thCh. 18Moses takes the advice of his father-in-law Jethro
Fri 20th Ch. 19The Israelites camp by Mount Sinai
Sat 21st Ch. 20:1-21The Lord gives the Ten Commandments
Sun 22nd Ch. 20:22-22:15Other laws about altars, slaves and restitution
Mon 23rd Ch. 22:16-23:19Laws about social justice, the Sabbath and festivals
Tues 24th Ch. 23:20-25:9God promises a successful conquest of Canaan, confirms His covenant with Israel and commands Israel to make a sanctuary so He could dwell with them.
Ch. 25:10-31:18 God gives detailed instructions for making the Tabernacle and its furniture to Moses
Wed 25th Ch. 32The Golden Calf
Thurs 26th Ch. 33The Lord responds to Moses’ intercession for Israel 
Fri 27th Ch. 34The covenant is renewed
Sat 28th Ch. 35The Israelites the construction of the Tabernacle
Ch. 36:1-39:31Details of the Israelites making the Tabernacle and its furniture etc. 
Sun  29th Ch. 39:32-43The work is completed 
Mon 30th Ch. 40The glory of the Lord fills the Tabernacle the Israelites have set up.
Tues 31st Hebrews 10 A New Testament Perspective (See verses 1-14 especially.)

The two highlighted passages have not been included in the reading plan, as this would make our daily readings too long. They consist of details concerning the exact construction of the Tabernacle and its furniture etc. They will probably be best studied with the help of illustrations from a Bible encyclopaedia or from the internet.